Libby's H*O*P*E*

*Helping*Ovarian Cancer Survivors*Persevere Through*Education

Posts Tagged ‘anemia’

GOG Reports on Evaluation of Pemetrexed in Treatment of Recurrent Platinum-Resistant Ovarian Cancer

Posted by Paul Cacciatore on April 7, 2009

A phase II Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) clinical study found that pemetrexed (Altima®)-an antifolate antineoplastic agent that disrupts folate-dependent cell replication metabolic processes-is sufficiently active in the treatment of recurrent platinum-resistant ovarian cancer to warrant further investigation.  “Thus [pemetrexed] should be considered for combination with other agents, especially carboplatin, in first-line therapy,” said David Miller, M.D., F.A.C.S. (University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, USA) and colleagues.

millerdavid

David Miller, M.D. F.A.C.S., Professor, Gynecologic Oncology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

A phase II Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) clinical study found that pemetrexed (Altima®)-an antifolate antineoplastic agent that disrupts folate-dependent cell replication metabolic processes-is sufficiently active in the treatment of recurrent platinum-resistant ovarian cancer to warrant further investigation.  “Thus [pemetrexed] should be considered for combination with other agents, especially carboplatin, in first-line therapy,” said David Miller, M.D., F.A.C.S. (University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, USA) and colleagues.

The purpose of the GOG study was to estimate the antitumor activity of pemetrexed in patients with persistent or recurrent, platinum-resistant epithelial ovarian or primary peritoneal cancer and to determine the nature and degree of toxicities.  The patients that participated in the study experienced disease progression on platinum-based primary chemotherapy or recurred within 6 months. Pemetrexed at a dose of 900 mg/m2 was administered as an intravenous infusion over 10 minutes every 21 days. Dose delay and adjustments were permitted for toxicity. Treatment was continued until disease progression or unacceptable adverse effects.  From July 6, 2004, to August 23, 2006, 51 patients enrolled in the study.  A total of 259 cycles (median, four; range one to 19 cycles) of pemetrexed were administered, with 40% of the patients receiving six or more cycles.

According to the investigators, the study produced the following results:

  • No treatment -related deaths were reported;
  • Eighteen patients (38%) had progressive disease. Three patients (6%) were not assessable;
  • One patient (2%) had a complete response (CR) and nine patients (19%) had partial responses (PRs), with a median duration response of 8.4 months. Seventeen patients (35%) had stable disease (SD) for a median of 4.1 months. Clinical benefit rate (CR + PR + SD) was 56%; and

Based upon the foregoing results, the investigators noted that pemetrexed “exhibited activity more favorable than that seen in other agents that have been test in first-line combinations by the GOG.” Pemetrexed, according to the investigators, has sufficient activity in the treatment of recurrent platinum-resistant ovarian cancer at the dose and schedule tested to warrant further investigation.

Sources:

Posted in Biological Therapies, Clinical Trial Results, Novel Therapies | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Evaluation of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy and Debulking Followed by Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy in Women with Stage III and IV Epithelial Ovarian, Fallopian Tube or Primary Peritoneal Cancer

Posted by Paul Cacciatore on March 5, 2009

It is well known that intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy prolongs survival in optimally cytoreduced (or debulked) ovarian cancer patients.  For patients who can not be optimally debulked, it is possible to administer neoadjuvant chemotherapy to place that patient in a position to be optimally debulked (i.e., 1 cm or less of residual disease post surgery) , thereby allowing the use of post-surgery IP chemotherapy (assuming optimal cytoreduction is achieved through surgery). This theory was tested in a Phase II clinical study (S0009) conducted by the Southwest Oncology Group (SOG). …

It is well known that intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy prolongs survival in optimally cytoreduced (or debulked) ovarian cancer patients.  For patients who can not be optimally debulked, it is possible to administer neoadjuvant chemotherapy to place that patient in a position to be optimally debulked (i.e., 1 cm or less of residual disease post surgery) , thereby allowing the use of post-surgery IP chemotherapy (assuming optimal cytoreduction is achieved through surgery). This theory was tested in a Phase II clinical study (S0009) conducted by the Southwest Oncology Group (SOG).

In SOG Study S009, researchers sought to evaluate overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), percentage of patients optimally debulked, and toxicity in Stage III/IV ovarian cancer patients treated with this strategy.

As part of the study, women with stage III/IV (pleural effusions only in stage IV) epithelial ovarian cancer, and fallopian tube or primary peritoneal carcinoma that presented with bulky disease were treated with neoadjuvant intravenous (IV) paclitaxel and carboplatin.  If, after neoadjuvant IV chemotherapy, the patient experienced a 50% or greater decrease in her CA125 tumor marker, cytoreduction surgery was performed.  If optimal debulking was achieved, the patient received IV paclitaxel, IP carboplatin and IP paclitaxel post-surgery.

The results of the study are set forth below.

  • 62 patients were registered for the study, of which four were ineligible.
  • 56 patients were evaluated for neoadjuvant chemotherapy toxicities. One patient died of pneumonia. Five patients had grade 4 toxicity, including neutropenia, anemia, leukopenia, anorexia, fatigue, muscle weakness, respiratory infection, and cardiac ischemia.
  • 36 patients received debulking surgery, and two patients had grade 4 hemorrhage.
  • 26 patients received post-cytoreduction chemotherapy. Four had grade 4 neutropenia.
  • At a median follow-up of 21 months, median PFS is 21 months and median OS is 32 months for all 58 patients.
  • PFS and OS for the 26 patients who received IV/IP chemotherapy is 29 and 34 months, respectively

The researchers performing the study concluded that the results compare favorably with other studies of sub-optimally debulked (i.e., >1 cm of residual disease post surgery) patients.

Primary SourcePhase II evaluation of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and debulking followed by intraperitoneal chemotherapy in women with stage III and IV epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer: Southwest Oncology Group Study S0009; Tiersten AD, Liu PY, Smith HO et. al., Gynecol Oncol. 2009 Mar;112(3):444-9. Epub 2009 Jan 12.

Posted in Chemotherapy, Clinical Trial Results | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

 
Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 2,011 other followers

%d bloggers like this: